Types of Pine Trees in Georgia & How to Care for Them

Pine trees are some of the most common trees found in Georgia. There are many different varieties in Georgia, including the White, Loblolly, Longleaf, Spruce, and Virginia. These evergreen trees grow quickly throughout the forests of Georgia. Because of how common they are, most homeowners will have at least one pine tree in their yard. Our tree experts at 770-Tree-Guy want to help you identify your pine trees and how to handle them. They can be a beautiful part of your yard assuming they are not too close to your home.  

Know your Georgia Pines

  •   White—These beautiful giants can exceed over 100 feet in height. They are generally hardy, straight in composition, and have blue-green soft needles. White pine trees grow approximately 2-3 feet per year. The pine needles on the White pine are 3-6 inches long and come in bundles of 5.
  •   Loblolly—The Loblolly has a medium to large trunk and can stretch over 100 feet high. The name “Loblolly” means mud puddle or low wet place, which speaks to the conditions for where they grow. They are very comfortable growing in good old Georgia clay. Their blue-green needles are in bunches of 3 and they are 4-9 inches long. They are somewhat twisted and stiff. They grow quickly, generally at least 2 feet per year.
  •   Longleaf—With distinct tufted needles, the Longleaf is a unique looking pine tree. They generally grow straight and can exceed 100 feet tall. The branches are coarse in texture. The Longleaf is still considered a fast growing variety as it typically grows 1-2 feet per year.
  •   Spruce—Growing to a height just below 100 feet, the Spruce is considered to be one of the most beautiful pine trees in North America. The more delicate branches and drooping presence of the Spruce pine mimic a spruce hence its name. The needles are a deep green and short for a pine tree at 1.5-4 inches long. A Spruce usually grows between 1 to 2 feet annually.
  •   Virginia—With a small to medium trunk, the Virginia is typically 40-70 feet tall when mature. The pine needles are stiff, twisted, and green-grey in hue. On the shorter side, the needles only reach 1 to 3 inches long and they come in groups of 2. The Virginia pine has a scrubby shape and is often utilized as a privacy barrier. The growth rate is 1 to 2 feet per year.

Caring for your Pine Trees:

  •   Soil—Pine trees prefer moist soil—not dry or wet. Utilizing mulch is the best way to ensure your pine trees have the moisture they need. Layer 3 inches of mulch around your tree, staying six inches away from the tree trunk. Mulch up around the trunk of a tree can encourage disease, fungi, and pests. Also, when the pine needles fall in autumn, just leave them. They will return nutrients to the pine tree as they decompose.
  •   Pruning—Unless your pine tree has damage or the branches are a hazard to your safety, leave them be. Pruning is not a recommended practice for pine trees in most cases because it can cause long-term damage and welcome pests and diseases.
  •   Watering—When there is normal rainfall and your pine tree has mulch to seal in moisture, extra watering will probably be unnecessary. If you are in the middle of a drought, you may need to provide water twice per week.
  •   Landscaping—Pine trees are a natural and aromatic addition to improve your yard. Make sure to plant them at least 20 feet away from structures, sidewalks, and driveways. Pine trees will have a positive impact on your yard’s ecosystem and attract helpful wildlife. They are an ideal low maintenance tree. If you are just starting out with your landscaping, pine trees can be a solid choice because of their fast growth rate. In a few years, your trees will already be pretty substantial. If you are unsure where to plant your pines, reach out to 770-Tree-Guy for support!
  •   Removal—As tree enthusiasts, tree removal is always our last resort. If your pine tree becomes severely damaged or at risk for falling on your home, you need to call in the professionals for a risk assessment. We are TRAQ (Tree Risk Assessment Qualified) certified, and we can determine if the pine tree poses a serious threat to your safety.

Pining for more information? Give us a call today! You can schedule an informative visit with one of our certified arborists.